Originating from the 1939 work of Ignác Luttor and Anna Ondel, Hungarian vertical string writing is currently the sole handwriting model featured in books approved and published by the Oktatási Hitaval, or Educational Authority.
The most widely used resources for this handwriting style are the series, Írás Munkafüzet and Betubarangolo, each comprising books that teach print and cursive writing. The two styles are typically taught in parallel between grades 1 and 4. Írás Munkafüzet and Betubarangolo both utilise Gyongyiras, an open-source typeface designed by Budapest-based software developer, Csaba Fülöp. The typeface was last updated in 2019.
Vertical string writing is characterised by its fully-joined, upright cursive design, which is wide and round, often evoking geometric elements. Extenders in this style are of medium length and include small loops. Notably, the “f” lacks a descender loop, possibly drawing influence from the German handwriting model, Sütterlinschrift. Other distinctive features include the short bar in “t”, the unique shape of “r”, and the italic-style “z”.